India’s Coal Sector is one of the vast industry with a demand of 980.50 million tonnes by terminal year and itself the most abundant fuel found on this planet.
The types of coal are peat, lignite, bituminous, and anthracite.
Peat is the first step in coal formation, composed of over 60% organic matter; typically, ferns and vegetation found in swamps or bogs.
Lignite coal is soft brown coal that still contains a high amount of water. Lignite has a higher heat content than peat but is still not the most desired form of coal.
Bituminous coal is formed as more pressure is applied to lignite coal. The greater the pressure applied, the more water is expelled, which increases the amount of pure carbon present and increases the heat content of the coal. Bituminous coal is often classified as sub-bituminous or bituminous.
Anthracite coal is a metamorphic rock and is considered the highest grade coal. It’s hard and dark black in color. It has a very lightweight when compared to other forms of coal, as there is very little water present in anthracite. As a result, anthracite has the highest heat content.
Coal mining in India began in 1774 when John Sumner and Suetonius Grant Heatly of the East India Company commenced commercial exploitation in the Raniganj Coalfield along the Western bank of Damodar river.
Growth remained slow for nearly a century due to low demand. The introduction of steam locomotives in 1853 boosted demand, and coal production rose to an annual average of 1 million metric tons (1.1 million short tons).
India produced 6.12 million metric tons (6.75 million short tons) of coal per year by 1900 and 18 million metric tons (20 million short tons) per year by 1920.
Coal production rose steadily over the next few decades and was boosted by demand caused by World War 1. Production slumped in the interwar period but rose to 30 million metric tons (33 mln short tons) by 1946 largely as a result of WORLD WAR 2.
Russia was the leading producer of coal. The Coal Industry in Russia was mostly privately owned, and joint-stock companies (often consolidated into large holdings) dominated the Industry until china surpassed Russia and now China is the largest producer of coal in the world, while the USA contains the world’s largest recoverable coal reserves followed by Pakistan, Russia, China, and India. China and the United States are also among the largest coal consumers.
Other important coal producing countries include Australia, India, South Africa, and Russia.
As coal has a vast potential beneath itself and if you want to know more about this industry, You can make a request for a sample.
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